Gynecomastia, or excessive male breast tissue, is a common condition among men. Even though many men experience this issue at some point, they often grow out of it. However, some men do not, and it can be a source of embarrassment or self-consciousness. This is especially true in situations associated with removing your shirt, such as hanging out at the beach or the pool, or being around your romantic partner. Gynecomastia surgery, or male breast reduction, can help refine the male chest and remove excessive tissue that causes male breasts.
Gynecomastia often occurs around puberty. In most instances, adolescent men who develop this condition during puberty find that it resolves on its own as they enter adulthood. However, there are some situations where gynecomastia will persist into adulthood.
Some potential causes of adult gynecomastia include:
- Hormone fluctuations
- Certain prescription medications
- Anabolic steroid use
- Drug use, particularly marijuana or heroin
- Dietary supplements
- Estrogen-producing tumors
- Graves’ disease
- Liver disease
Before considering male breast reduction surgery, you should consult your physician to make sure your gynecomastia is not being caused by the use of certain medications or one of the above-mentioned health conditions. In these situations, gynecomastia may go away by discontinuing the use of these medications or by treating the underlying health issue.
Most men experiencing excess breast tissue are candidates for gynecomastia surgery. The best results are typically achieved by men with firm, elastic skin. If you are overweight, your first step should be improving your diet and exercise regimen before considering surgery. If you are still unhappy with your appearance once you have reached your target weight, Dr. Ali and Dr. Tamir can discuss your surgical options during a consultation.
In addition, ideal male breast reduction candidates:
- Are in good overall health
- Have realistic expectations for the outcome of their procedure
- Do not smoke or are willing to quit smoking prior to surgery and throughout the recovery period
There are two different techniques that can be used to surgically correct gynecomastia. The right option for you depends on a few different factors.
Sometimes, gynecomastia is caused by excess fatty tissue. If this is the case, then liposuction is an effective option for reducing the breasts. During liposuction, a tiny incision is made through which a cannula and surgical vacuum can break up and remove fat. The best candidates for this technique have good skin elasticity.
If gynecomastia is caused by enlarged breast tissue, then liposuction will not be effective. In this case, surgical excision performed by our plastic surgeons is recommended. This can usually benefit men who require more extensive reduction as well as tightening and repositioning of the skin and nipples.
There will be some mild bruising and swelling after either type of surgery. This will subside gradually during the first few weeks of your recovery. Dr. Ali and Dr. Tamir will instruct you to wear a compression garment for the first few weeks after the procedure in order to facilitate healing and ensure the best possible results.
Typically, you should be able to return to work within about a week. Liposuction will require a shorter recovery period, and our plastic surgeons will ensure you know what to expect from your recovery.
Dr. Ali and Dr. Tamir are board-certified plastic surgeons with over 20 years of experience in helping men achieve their cosmetic goals. Our plastic surgeons can walk you through each step to ensure you feel comfortable and informed about your customized procedure in Phoenix. To get started, contact Mosharrafa Plastic Surgery by calling our office or filling out our online form.